If Congress does not act, American taxpayers will continue to be exposed to the enormous risk that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac pose to the housing market, the overall financial system, and the economy as a whole. As of mid-September , McCain had not introduced any banking or housing bills in the th Congress, which began in January In October , McCain proposed that the federal government buy troubled mortgages, and provide low-interest mortgages to qualified homeowners.
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For people with k plans, he wanted to allow more flexibility about when money can be withdrawn, and would lower the tax on that money, as well as lowering the tax on unemployment insurance benefits. McCain also proposed to cut the capital gains tax on stock held for more than one year, while increasing the tax write-off for stock losses. In he voted for the Sarbanes—Oxley Act , which passed the Senate without opposition.
In , McCain expressed approval of the results of financial deregulation by pointing to it as a model for health care policy, writing: "Opening up the health insurance market to more vigorous nationwide competition, as we have done over the last decade in banking, would provide more choices of innovative products less burdened by the worst excesses of state-based regulation. Later in , in the wake of the widely publicized crises involving the insurance company American International Group and the brokerage houses Lehman Brothers and Merrill Lynch , McCain stated: "In my administration, we're going to hold people on Wall Street responsible.
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And we're going to enact and enforce reforms to make sure that these outrages never happen in the first place. In , McCain temporarily expressed support for reinstating the Glass—Steagall Act that he had voted to repeal in order to respond to banking regulation failures in the financial crisis , though he also ultimately voted against the Obama Administration-backed Dodd—Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. McCain was against publicly funded health care , universal health care , or health coverage mandates. In an October statement, McCain said: "In health care, we believe in enhancing the freedom of individuals to receive necessary and desired care.
We do not believe in coercion and the use of state power to mandate care, coverage or costs. On April 29, , McCain detailed his health care plan in the context of his campaign for president. His plan focused on open-market competition rather than government funding or control. He says the money could be used to purchase insurance and force insurance companies to be competitive with their costs in order to attract consumers. He did not provide details, but pointed to states such as Florida and North Carolina where such systems are in place.
McCain would have paid for individual tax credits primarily by eliminating the tax break currently offered to employers for providing health insurance to employees. In , McCain voted in favor of proceeding with a motion to debate healthcare legislation. The plan reiterated McCain's positions against Internet taxes and against laws guaranteeing net neutrality. Crypto notes that Senator McCain and Senator [Bob Kerrey] introduced a bill in mid that would have refused the services of future government-sponsored certificate authorities to those who refused key escrow.
However, it notes that by , McCain had flipped on the issue of encryption, becoming "Mr. McCain voted against the Telecommunications Act of , on the grounds that it would not ensure competition enough in practice. In , McCain introduced the Consumer Broadband Deregulation Act of , a deregulation measure aimed at preventing the government from requiring broadband providers to offer access to competing ISPs in the residential broadband market. McCain was against government regulation of network neutrality unless evidence of abuse exists.
In October , McCain introduced the Internet Freedom Act , which prevented the Federal Communications Commission FCC from regulating broadband providers and enforcing net neutrality rules, and characterized such regulation as "onerous" amounting to a government takeover. On May 9, , McCain introduced the Television Consumer Freedom Act , which required cable and satellite providers to offer an a la carte service or lose their compulsory license to rebroadcast television stations, required broadcasters to offer carriage of their channels on a similar a la carte basis, banned blackouts of sporting events at any venue that was constructed using taxpayer money, and allowed the FCC to pull and auction off the broadcast licenses of any broadcaster who shifts their over-the-air programming to cable-only in response to similar threats in response to the controversy surrounding the service Aereo.
McCain was opposed to federal funding of Amtrak. He considered it to be a " pork barrel project", particularly as far as longer distance trains are concerned. As a member of the House, McCain sponsored a number of Indian Affairs bills, dealing mainly with giving distribution of lands to reservations and tribal tax status; most of these bills were unsuccessful.
As a senator, McCain often supported the Native American agenda, advocating self-governance and sovereignty and tribe control of adoptions. Along with Senator Daniel Inouye and Representative Mo Udall , McCain was one of the main writers of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act ,   which codified rules regarding Native American gambling enterprises and established the balance between Indian tribal sovereignty and regulatory oversight by the states of such activity.
In late , McCain helped pass the Arizona Water Settlements Act , the most extensive Indian water settlement in the country's history. Bill for veterans of World War II. Bill benefits, but provided a lower total amount of benefits than what Webb proposed. I want to make sure that we have incentives for people to remain in the military, as well as for people to join the military.
I've talked a lot about veterans' health care, so we'll continue to talk about those issues and how to care for vets. I know I can do that, having been one.
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McCain's alternative would have had a sliding scale of benefits to encourage retention by only offering the top level of benefits to those who stay for six years. In early June , the White House signaled the president might be willing to sign a modified version of the Webb bill, along with the war funding bill, if transferability between spouses and dependents was added onto the new GI Bill.
This would make the benefits more valuable to career military personal that would like to pay for their spouse or child's education. With the added transferability provisions for continued military service, McCain said he now supported the bill, because it encouraged additional service beyond three years, mitigating his earlier concerns. In , McCain called for a private option for veteran's medical care. McCain opposed the federal minimum wage; instead he believed that each state should decide its own minimum wage.
On January 24, he voted Yes on legislation that would allow employers to pay less than the federal minimum wage if the state set a lower minimum. McCain said that he favored the concept of equal pay the abolition of wage differences based on gender. There the Court dismissed a woman's discrimination claim because she had filed it more than days after the first affected paycheck.
McCain, who said he opposed the bill, was campaigning in New Orleans, Louisiana at the time of the Senate vote in , when the bill died because Democrats could not break a Republican filibuster The vote in favor of the bill was 56—42, with 60 needed for cloture. McCain advocated for the withdrawal of US troops from Lebanon in prior to the attack on the Marine barracks ,  Somalia in , and Haiti in He was one of only 27 Republicans to vote against President Ronald Reagan 's decision to put "peacekeeping" troops into Lebanon, saying in a speech on the floor of the House of Representatives that:.
The fundamental question is: What is the United States' interest in Lebanon? It is said we are there to keep the peace. I ask, what peace? It is said we are there to aid the government. I ask, what government? It is said we are there to stabilize the region. I ask, how can the U. The longer we stay in Lebanon, the harder it will be for us to leave.
We will be trapped by the case we make for having our troops there in the first place. What can we expect if we withdraw from Lebanon? The same as will happen if we stay. I acknowledge that the level of fighting will increase if we leave. I regretfully acknowledge that many innocent civilians will be hurt. But I firmly believe this will happen in any event. In February , during a Republican debate, McCain and other candidates were asked what foreign policy they would change immediately if they became President.
In March , McCain said that the United States should "strengthen our global alliances as the core of a new global compact — a League of Democracies — that can harness the vast influence of the more than one hundred democratic nations around the world to advance our values and defend our shared interests. McCain allied himself with President George W. Bush , who brought into his administration a large number of PNAC members and neo-conservatives.
In a speech to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee on April 23, , McCain said that "no American leader should be expected to sell a false peace to our ally, consider Israel's right to self-defense less legitimate than ours, or insist that Israel negotiate a political settlement while terrorism remains the Palestinians' preferred bargaining tool. Do you think we would be exercising total restraint? During the presidential election, when asked if the Zionist cause was just and has succeeded, McCain responded, "I think so. I'm a student of history and anybody who is familiar with the history of the Jewish people and with the Zionist idea can't help but admire those who established the Jewish homeland.
I think it's remarkable that Zionism has been in the middle of wars and great trials and it has held fast to the ideals of democracy and social justice and human rights. I think that the State of Israel remains under significant threat from terrorist organizations as well as the continued advocacy of the Iranians to wipe Israel off the map. McCain called for the early release of convicted Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard , who served a year prison sentence for passing U.
During the presidential campaign, McCain's advisors stated that they were not in favor of the peace negotiations then ongoing between Israel and Syria. McCain had courted the support of individuals and groups that are opposed to the creation of a Palestinian state. That month, the U.
Senate voted 90—9 to support the amendment. The amendment prohibits inhumane treatment of prisoners, including prisoners at Guantanamo Bay , by confining interrogations to the techniques in Army Field Manual 34—52, "Intelligence Interrogation". On December 15, , Bush announced that he accepted McCain's terms and will "make it clear to the world that this government does not torture and that we adhere to the international convention of torture , whether it be here at home or abroad.
McCain argues that American military and intelligence personnel in future wars will suffer for abuses committed in by the US in the name of fighting terrorism.